Monthly Archives: August 2009

Integrating Spring (MVC) and BlazeDS (flex)


I am not an expert in either Spring MVC or Flex and this article is not about fundamentals of Flex/BlazeDS. Its just how to get it working. Quickly.


I was playing around with Flex for the past couple of days. Being a Java developer, I was naturally inclined towards trying out BlazeDS so that I can use Flex as a front-end to my Java backend. The thing that I suffered from most was a huge information deluge. I was flooded by loads of blogs, articles and tutorials which made my life miserable. Finally, I saw a saviour in: Bare Bones BlazeDS Object Remoting, which explains how to create a BlazeDS and Java integration. Of course this does not include spring integration. Then I downloaded Spring BlazeDS, and went through the samples. Then I kind of combined these two and figured out how to make it work. The challenge here is that I have existing screens which are pure Spring MVC stuff. I am trying to embed flex in some of them, and have BlazeDS integration with my existing spring beans. Read on…

First things first: directory structure

My project directory looks like:



  1. src/main/java contains all my java files
  2. src/main/resources has all config files like hibernate.cfg.xml, property files, etc.
  3. src/main/webapp has the WEB-INF folder and the jsps
  4. src/main/webapp/flash has all the compiled .swf files to be embedded in the jsps
  5. src/main/flex has all the .mxml and action script files

Config files required for BlazeDS

You would need these three config files under the WEB-INF/flex directory:


This is the most important file. This defines the various channels that would be used for client/server communication by the BlazeDS


This defines the remoting adapter used by the flex client.

BlazeDS/Spring integration

To integrate Spring with BalzeDS, you have to touch upon these existing files:


1. Adding the flex listener

Add the flex.messaging.HttpFlexSession listener.

2. URL mapping

Note that in the services-config.xml, the url of the default channel my-amf is http://{}:{server.port}/{context.root}/spring/messagebroker/amf. You have to pass any url with this pattern to the Spring front end handler servlet, the org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet. I assume that you already have a similar servlet defined for your Spring MVC. You should use the same servlet (so that you can re-use the same beans in flex) to map these urls. I am assuming the name of the existing DispatcherServlet is dispatcher.

This is how the modified web.xml looks like:


This xml already has the existing Spring MVC beans. This has to be modified to expose existing beans to the BlazeDS remoting as services. The xml header has to be modified as follows:

Then, the body has to be modified by adding:

Finally, this is how you expose a bean as a service for remoting:

This is how the AccountGroupManager looks like:

Coding the mxml

I am using eclipse to code the NewAccountGroup.mxml. This is how it looks like:

Compiling mxmls to swf

The one thing you have to keep in mind is that, you have to compile the mxmls along with the services-config.xml. Note that you have something like url=”http://{}:{server.port}/{context.root}/spring/messagebroker/amf” in there. While the and server.port will be taken by default by the client, you have to specify the context.root during the compile time, as an argument. This is the context of your webapp. I am using the mxmlc that comes with the Flex SDK from the command prompt (you can add it to the PATH). First you cd to the src/main/flex directory. Here you go:

mxmlc -services ../webapp/WEB-INF/flex/services-config.xml -strict=true -debug=true -context-root=/ -show-actionscript-warnings=true -output ../webapp/flash/NewAccountGroup.swf NewAccountGroup.mxml

Note how you specify the services-config.xml.

So far so good. Now we will have to embed the generated flash into our jsp. This how it is done:


Finally, just a word for Maven users, these are the arifacts you have to use:

For others, you can always expand the blazeds.war and put all the jars inside the WEB-INF/lib.

The only pain point for this approach is that every time you change your context root, you have to recompile all your flex against the services-config.xml along with a new context.root argument.

This is how the end screen looks like (in the browser):




Virtualization with Sun Virtual Box: Tips n Tricks

Guest Additions

These are to be done post installation. It improves usability. For example, it provides seamless mouse integration. That is, you do not have to press the Host Key (normally the Right CTRL) every time you move your mouse back and forth between the host and the guest. Also, it improves the full screen mode. Even before installing this, my shared folders were not detected on my Windows guest on a Linux host.

This is how you do it, go to Devices -> Install Guest Additions as shown below:


You will find the details in the online tutorial here.

Error in named query: org.hibernate.hql.ast.QuerySyntaxException: table is not mapped

I was taking advantage of the NamedQueries feature in Hibernate annotation, when suddenly I was bombed with this queer error:

ERROR – SessionFactoryImpl.<init>(363) | Error in named query: findMaxId
org.hibernate.hql.ast.QuerySyntaxException: AccountGroup is not mapped [SELECT MAX(id) FROM AccountGroup]

My AccountGroup looks like this:

As is evident from the error message, the HQL compiler is not able to map any table to “AccountGroup”. But this is strange, since I have already mapped it in my hibernate.cfg.xml. After a few minutes of futile googling, the solution dawned upon me.

Solution 1:

Include an additional annotation @Table:

Solution 2:

Modify your query to have the fully qualified class name: